Correlation between parents – children relationship and empathy levels in 14–16 years old adolescences
More details
Hide details
Baltic International Academy, Lomonosova str. 4, Rīga, LV-1003, Łotwa
Submission date: 2017-01-01
Final revision date: 2017-06-30
Acceptance date: 2017-06-30
Publication date: 2017-06-30
Corresponding author
Lyudmila Kalinnikova   

Baltic International Academy, Lomonosova str. 4, Rīga, LV-1003, Łotwa
Elena Shaplavska   

Baltic International Academy, Lomonosova str. 4, Rīga, LV-1003, Łotwa
Kristina Skadmane   

Baltic International Academy, Lomonosova str. 4, Rīga, LV-1003, Łotwa
Wychowanie w Rodzinie 2017;15(1):155-163
The research aims to explore the correlation between the parents-children relationships and empathy levels in the adolescence period. In the theoretical part, definitions, implemented research methods and results of previous research were analysed and evaluated. Study objectives were the theoretical analysis of the current understanding of the empathy issues and parents – children relationships, as well as empirical exploration of links between empathy and parenting styles. Based on the previous research, we hypothesized that there is a link between parents-children relationships and empathy levels in the adolescence period. 90 adolescents and their parents participated in the study; the median age for the group of adolescents was Me = 15 years, for the group of parents Me = 37. Implemented study methods: Parental Attitude Questionnaire and Empathy Capacity Diagnostics test. A computer program SPSS 20.0 was implemented for data processing. According to the obtained data, a significant proportion of adolescents (58.0%) have low levels of empathy. The results of this research revealed two weak positive correlations between parents-children relationships and empathy levels in the adolescence period: a correlation between the level of Acceptance and the level of a Rational empathy channel (r = 0.237, n = 90, p < 0.05) and a correlation between the level of a Socially desirable behaviour and the level of an Identification channel (r = 0.270, n = 90, p < 0.05). The hypothesis of the study was partially confirmed.
Ananjeva N., Razvitije empaticheskih sposobnostei u podrostkov, source: [access: 20.05.2016].
Aunola K., Stattin H., & Nurmi, J.E., Parenting styles and adolescent achievement strategies, “Journal of Adolescents” 2000, no. 22.
Barnes G., Hoffman J., Welte J., Farrell M. & Dintcheff B., Effects of Parental Monitoring and Peer Deviance on Substance Use and Delinquency, “Journal of Marriage and Family” 2006, vol. 68, no. 4.
Baumrind D., Parenting styles and adolescent development, [in:] J. Brooks-Gunn,.
R. Lerner, A.C. Peterson (eds.), The Encyclopedia of Adolescence, Garland, New York 1991.
Bojko V., Energija emocij v obschenii: vzgljad na sebja i drugih, “Smisl”, Мoskwa 1996.
Campbell W., Foster C. & Finkel E., Does self-love lead to love for others? A story of narcissistic game playing, “Journal of Personality and Social Psychology” 2002, vol. 83(2).
Crone E. & Dahl R., Understanding adolescence as a period of social affective engagement and goal flexibility, “Nature Reviews Neuroscience” 1 September 2012.
Eisenberg N., Zhou Q., Spinrad T., Valiente C., Fabes R. & Liew J., Relations among positive parenting, children’s effortful control, and externalizing problems: A threewave longitudinal study, “Child Development” 2005, no. 76.
Hill N., The relationship between family environment and parenting style: A preliminary study of African American families, “Journal of Black Psychology” 1995, no. 21.
Icles W., Empathic Accuracy, “Journal of Personality” 1993, vol. 61, no. 4.
Kohut H., The restoration of the self, International Universities Press, New York 1977.
Meeus W., Branje S. & Overbeek G., Parents and partners in crime: a six-year longitudinal study on changes in supportive relationships and delinquency in adolescence and young adulthood, “Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry” 2004, vol. 45, no. 7.
Mehrabian A. & Epstein N., Measure of Emotional Empathy, “Journal of Personality” 1972, no. 40.
Pezzella F., Authoritarian parenting: A race socialization protective factor that deters African American adolescents from delinquency and violence. (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from: ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database 2010 (UMI No. 3398173).
Richardson D., Hammock G.& Smoth S., (1994). Empathy as a Cognitive Inhibitor of.
Interpersonal Agression, “Agressive Behavior” 2010, vol. 20, no. 4.
Schaffer M., The role of empathy and parenting style in the development of antisocial behaviours, “Crime and Delinquence” 2008, vol. 20.
Steinberg L. & Silk J., Parenting adolescents, [in:] B.H. Bornstein, B. Webber (eds.), Handbook of parenting, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah, NJ, 2002.
Varga A. & Stolin V., Parental Attitude Questionnaire, [in:] E. Rogov, Nastolnaja kniga prakticheskogo psihologa, Kn.1. “VLADOS”, Мoskwa 1995.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top