A retrospective measure of the quality of family upbringing– a proposition of a new tool
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Institute of Pedagogy, Faculty of Historical and Pedagogical Science, University of Wroclaw [Instytut Pedagogiki, Wydział Nauk Historycznych I Pedagogicznych, Uniwersytet Wrocławski]. Dawida 1, 50-527 Wrocław, Poland.
Submission date: 2022-10-03
Final revision date: 2022-11-30
Acceptance date: 2022-11-30
Publication date: 2022-12-13
Corresponding author
Piotr Kwiatkowski   

Instytut Pedagogiki, Wydział Nauk Historycznych I Pedagogicznych, Uniwersytet Wrocławski, Dawida 1, 50-527 Wrocław, Polska
Ewa Jurczyk-Romanowska   

Instytut Pedagogiki, Wydział Nauk Historycznych I Pedagogicznych, Uniwersytet Wrocławski, Dawida 1, 50-527 Wrocław, Polska
Wychowanie w Rodzinie 2022;28(3):13-28
Aim. The paper reports the development and initial validation of a new research tool Quality of Family Upbringing – Retrospective Measure (QFU-RM). It is one-dimensional, even though it integrates two aspects of the influence of the family on the child – the qualities of the family system (family resilience) and the quality of the intentional influence of parenting (authoritative parenting). Materials and methods. The initial pool of 80 items was reduced to 12 with the use of exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses conducted on a number of trials. The indexes of fit of the empirical data to the assumed single-factor tool are acceptable (they can be improved with minor modifications). Results. The tool is sufficiently reliable. Its susceptibility to social acceptance has not been confirmed. The one-dimensionality facilitates interpretation of results – it makes it possible to generally evaluate the upbringing functionality of a family without becoming absorbed in the particular aspects of family life. The measure of the quality of family upbringing correlates with personal resources – the attributes of resilience and positive development. Further validation efforts are required – test norms need to be developed, which necessitates the adjustment of fit to normal distribution.
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