School procedures, as perceived by teachers and students from Poland, and the Czech Republic
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Institute of Pedagogy, University of Zielona Góra [Instytut Pedagogiki, Uniwersytet Zielonogórski], al. Wojska Polskiego 69, 65-762, Zielona Góra, Poland
Faculty of Social Sciences, The Academy of Applied Sciences - Academy of Management and Administration in Opole [Wydział Nauk Społecznych, Akademia Nauk Stosowanych – Wyższa Szkoła Zarządzania i Administracji w Opolu], Niedziałkowskiego 18, 45-085 Opole, Poland
Submission date: 2022-11-16
Final revision date: 2022-12-08
Acceptance date: 2022-12-08
Publication date: 2022-12-13
Corresponding author
Mirosław Kowalski   

Instytut Pedagogiki, Uniwersytet Zielonogórski, al. Wojska Polskiego 69, 65-762, Zielona Góra, Polska
Sławomir Śliwa   

Wydział Nauk Społecznych, Akademia Nauk Stosowanych – Wyższa Szkoła Zarządzania i Administracji w Opolu, Niedziałkowskiego 18, 45-085 Opole, Polska.
Wychowanie w Rodzinie 2022;28(3):69-86
Introduction. The article concerns research conducted among students and teachers of primary schools in Poland and the Czech Republic as part of a project co-financed by the European Regional Development Fund and the State budget, “We Cross the Borders”. The project entitled “Key Competencies in Teaching and Education” was implemented under the recruitment of the Praděd Microprojects Fund, Priority axis number: 11.4, priority axis name: Cooperation of institutions and communities. Aim. The theoretical and cognitive aims of the research were to diagnose the competencies of teachers and students in the field of critical thinking. The objective of the research was to develop practical recommendations that could be used in the education programs of future teachers. Methods. The research used the method of a diagnostic survey; the questionnaire technique. Results. The results of the research showed differences between the behaviour of teachers and students in such matters as contacts with parents, following the headmaster’s instructions, using innovative teaching methods and self-confidence in everyday work-related situations.
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