Upbringing politically involved, or family in Francoist Spain. Film portrait
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Instytut Filologii Romańskiej, Uniwersytet Wrocławski, pl. Bp. Nankiera 4, 50-140 Wrocław
Submission date: 2014-09-29
Final revision date: 2015-10-20
Acceptance date: 2015-10-20
Publication date: 2015-12-30
Corresponding author
Anna Olchówka   

Instytut Filologii Romańskiej, Uniwersytet Wrocławski, pl. Bp. Nankiera 4, 50-140 Wrocław
Wychowanie w Rodzinie 2015;12(2):419-428
A look at the family portrait in Francoist Spain provides valuable information concerning the Spanish upbringing style and its relationship with the state ideology. A regime of Estado Nuevo (1939–1975) evolved from German and Italian fascism models to national-catholic autoritharianism, and marked all spheres of political, economic and social life. The dominant patriarchal family model, a woman’s role limited to household duties and her spouse’s will, or aggressively promoted by the authorities role models defined for many decades not only the Spanish upbringing style, but also the shape of relationships between family members. The values and norms passed to the youngest had to match the governmental reality, and due to this control, at the stage of primary socialization young people became recipients of propaganda content. From that moment it was constantly presentat every stage of education and professional life of the Spanish nation. As it was in other totalitarian countries, in Spain film was used as a propaganda tool. With the growing interest and availability of this entertainment form, cinema has become a perfect and effective communication and agitation medium. A domestic production was subjected to full control because of the compatibility of the presented content with current ideology, and censorship took care to save the Spanish audience from Western patterns of “depravity and extravagance”. With this background, analysis of the motive of family in selected Spanish films from the Francoist period allows observation of a political involvement of the family and educational processes and phenomena.
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