The child’s freedom in the pedagogical concepts of Emil Jaques-Dalcroze and Janusz Korczak
More details
Hide details
Music Education Laboratory, Educational Studies Department, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan [Laboratorium Edukacji Muzycznej, Wydział Studiów Edukacyjnych, Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu], Wieniawskiego 1, 61-712 Poznan, Poland
Submission date: 2021-11-09
Final revision date: 2021-12-20
Acceptance date: 2021-12-20
Publication date: 2021-12-31
Corresponding author
Katarzyna Forecka- Waśko   

Laboratorium Edukacji Muzycznej, Wydział Studiów Edukacyjnych, Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, Wieniawskiego 1, 61-712 Poznań, Polska
Wychowanie w Rodzinie 2021;25(2):71-79
Introduction. The method of Emil Jaques-Dalcroze and his pedagogical ideas are in line with the assumptions of progressive pedagogy. Usually only the elements of the method related to the child’s musical development are analysed. The essence of rhythmics, however, is to focus on holistic development, including creating favourable conditions for the development of emotionality and individualism, as well as the possibility of experiencing the world in its complexity, not only in terms of music. Similar assumptions can be found in the pedagogical thought of Janusz Korczak, who emphasized the subjectivity of children, including their natural right to feel and express emotions. The common areas of both pedagogical lines of thought, which will constitute the axis of comparative analysis, are the subjectivity of the child in the world of adults and in the world of art, care for harmonious development, the freedom to learn through the child’s own experience. Aim. The aim of the comparative analysis is to emphasize the similarities between them, as well as to deepen the knowledge about the educational aspects of Dalcroze’s method, as well as to indicate the possibility of using Korczak’s thought in the didactic activity of rhythmic practitioners and teachers of musical subjects. Materials and methods. The article presents the results of the analysis of the source documents of Jaques-Dalcroze (Rhythm, music and education) and Korczak (How to love a child, Children’s right to respect, Playful pedagogy). In selected works, both educators consider the most important aspects of a child’s development (e.g., human freedom to experience and express feelings and thoughts) and the role of adults in this process. Results. A comparative analysis showed similarities in the assumptions and views on education and upbringing of both educators, with particular emphasis on the child’s freedom of expression and the role of adults in this process.
Brice, M. (2012). Pédagogie de tous les possibles…: La Rythmique Jaques-Dalcroze à la lumière des Intelligences Multiples du professeur Howar Gardner. Geneve: Editions Papillon.
Greenhead, K. (2016). Becoming music: Reflection od transformative experience and the development of agency through dynamic rehearsal. Arts and Humanities as Higher Education (Digital Special Issue). Pobrane 16.02.2024 z:
Habron, J. (2019). The Dalcroze diamond: A theory of spiritual experiences in Dalcroze eurhythmics. Music Education Research, 21(4), 426-440. DOI: 10.1080/14613808.2019.1612340.
Hoge-Mead, V. (1994). Dalcroze Eurhythmics in today music classroom. New York: Schott Music Corporation.
Jaques-Dalcroze, E. (1920). The eurhythmics of Jaques-Dalcroze. London: Constable and Company.
Jaques-Dalcroze, E. (1967). Rythm, music and education. London: The Dalcroze Society.
Jaques-Dalcroze, E. (1992). Pisma wybrane. Warszawa: Wydawnictwa Szkolne i Pedagogiczne.
Juntunen, M-L. (2004). Embodiment in Dalcroze eurhythmics [praca doktorska]. Oulu: Oulu University Press.
Korczak, J. (1939). Pedagogika żartobliwa. Warszawa: Fundacja Nowoczesna Polska. Biuro Rzecznika Praw Dziecka. Pobrane 16.02.2024 z:
Korczak, J. (1978). Pisma wybrane 2. Warszawa: Nasza Księgarnia.
Korczak, J. (1986). Pisma wybrane 4. Warszawa: Nasza Księgarnia.
Korczak, J. (2012). Jak kochać dziecko: Dziecko w rodzinie. Warszawa: Rzecznik Praw Dziecka, Instytut Książki.
Korczak, J. (2017). Król Maciuś I. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Wilga.
Olczak-Ronikier, J. (2011). Korczak: Próba biografii. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo W.A.B.
Vanderspar, E. (1984). Manuel Jaques-Dalcroze: Principes et recommandations pour l’enseignement de la rythmique. Maszynopis, dostęp: Genewa: Biblioteka Instytutu Emila Jaques-Dalcroze’a.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top